It outlines the working memory profiles of individuals with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders including downs syndrome williams syndrome specific language impairment and adhd and identifies useful means of alleviating the anticipated learning difficulties of children with deficits of working memory. Most research on neurodevelopmental disorders has focused on their abnormalities however what remains intact may also be important increasing evidence suggests that declarative memory a critical learning and memory system in the brain remains largely functional in a number of neurodevelopmental disorders. Short term or working memory the capacity to hold and manipulate information mentally over brief periods of time plays an important role in supporting a wide range of everyday activities particularly in childhood children with weak working memory skills often struggle in key areas of learning . Supporting clinical assessment and management of working memory deficits by summarising the theoretical understanding and methods of assessment of working memory this text outlines the working memory profiles of individuals with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders including downs syndrome. Diagnostic criteria and the major theoretical accounts of the disorder are described before a review of the empirical evidence is presented the review first examines studies that assess working memory capacity by simple and complex span tasks before going on to consider evidence for impairments in executive working memory functions
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